Charlotte Taylor     Her Life and Times

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Charlotte's Time Line (pre-1800)

1534

  • Jacques Cartier sights Newfoundland's Cape Bona Vista after a three week crossing from France.  This was Cartier's first voyage to Canada.
  • Jacques Cartier enters the Baie de Chaleur (New Brunswick) and does some trading with the native Indians.
1608
  • Samuel de Champlain establishes a settlement at Quebec.
1663
  • Quebec becomes a Royal Province.
1693
  • Total dispersion of the French by the Micmac Indians.
1701
  • The War of the Spanish Succession begins in Europe.  The conflict spreads to North America in the following year.

1713

  • Treaty of Utrecht.  France relinquishes its rights in Acadie to Britain (excludes Cape Breton Island).  France begins construction of Fort Louisbourg.
  • Nova Scotia ceded to England.
1744-1748
  • War between France and England.
1749
  • Britain founds Halifax to counter the French presence at Louisbourg.
1752
  • Possible year of Charlotte's birth, circa 1751-1752, according to newspaper obituary (Reference: Royal Gazette, Fredericton, N.B., May 5, 1841).
1754
  • Beginning of the French and Indian War in America.
1755
  • Possible year of Charlotte's birth, circa 1755-1756, according to present-day tombstone inscription (Riverside Cemetery, Tabusintac, New Brunswick).
  • The expulsion of Acadians from Nova Scotia by Britain.
1756
  • England declares war on France, to start the Seven Years' War.  Montcalm
    assumes command of French troops in North America.
1758
  • Louisbourg captured by British (Generals Amherst and Wolfe).
  • First Assembly in Canada on May 20th in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • James Wolfe commands an expedition against French settlements on the Baie de Chaleur (New Brunswick).
1759
  • Robert Burns, the Scottish poet, is born.
  • General James Wolfe anchors off Ile d'Orleans below Quebec City, with 8,500 men, 49 men-of-war and 200 other vessels under Admiral Charles Saunders and chief navigator Captain James Cook.  
  • Wolfe takes Quebec by defeating Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham.
    Both Generals are killed.
  • Articles of Capitulation, at Quebec on September 18th.  Though not the last battle of the Seven Years War or of the French and Indian War, the surrender of Quebec foreshadowed the surrender of the whole country by the French.

1760

  • French Naval Force defeated at mouth of Restigouche River (New Brunswick) in last naval battle in New France.
  • World's first jigsaw puzzle invented in London, England by Charlotte Finch, Governess of George IV, who used the 'dissecting maps' of continents and countries as a teaching aid.
1762
  • Establishment of first British community at Saint John (New Brunswick).
  • Catherine the Second (Catherine the Great) becomes Czarina of Russia.

1763

  • First Treaty of Paris on February 10th.  France gives up her North American Empire east of the Mississippi to Britain.  The small islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (off Newfoundland) were left to France as unfortified shelter for French fishermen.
  • Royal Proclamation on October 7th. Britain provided a system of government for newly-acquired French territories.  The Proclamation created four distinct governments: for East and West Florida, Grenada, and Quebec (the new name given to Canada).  Land was set aside for use by aboriginal peoples, and the  government was given the exclusive right to negotiate treaties. 
1765
  • Stamp Act.
  • Commodore Walker establishes a trading post at Alston Point (Bathurst, New Brunswick).
1766
  • Wentworth appointed Governor of New Hampshire and Surveyor General of the King's Woods in America.
1766
  • Wentworth appointed Governor of New Hampshire and Surveyor General of the King's Woods in America.
1767
  • Townsend Act imposes new taxes on the British colonies.
1768
  • Guy Carleton succeeds Murray as Governor of Quebec.
1773
  •  The Boston Tea Party, one of the key events in the War of Independence, resulted from the unpopularity of the Tea Tax imposed by the Crown.on Britain and her Colonies. An entire consignment of tea was dumped into the harbour in protest.
1774
  • The Quebec Act provides a framework for maintenance of French Canadian liberties in Canada.
1775
  • Probable year of birth of Charlotte Taylor's first child Elizabeth Williams (Willisams).
  • Montreal captured and Quebec attacked by Americans under Montgomery.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord.  Wentworth leaves New Hampshire.
  • James Watt (Scottish inventor) perfects the steam engine.
  • American War of Independance begins.
1776
  • Presumed year of Charlotte Taylor's arrival in Miramichi area (New Brunswick), circa 1776-1777, and marriage to Captain John Blake. 

1778

  • Franco-American Alliance.
  • Captain Cook, the great navigator, visits Nootka Sound, British Columbia.
1780
  • Complete darkness falls on Eastern Canada and New England at 2:00 p.m. on May 19th.  The cause of this phenomenon is never explained.
1781
  • British surrender to Colonists (Americans) at Yorktown.
1783
  • Second Treaty of Paris.  Britain recognizes the independence of its former American Colonies.  American Revolutionary War ends.
  • Wentworth arrives in Nova Scotia as Surveyor of King's Woods.
  • Arrival of earliest United Empire Loyalists at Parrtown (later Saint John, New Brunswick).
  • Birth of Robert Blake,circa 1782-1783, son of Charlotte Blake (nee Taylor).
1784
  • Nova Scotia becomes a separate colony.  The area of Nova Scotia beyond the Bay of Fundy, known as the County of Sunbury, becomes a separate Province named New Brunswick.
  • First New Brunswick Governor was Thomas Carleton.
1785
  • Trial by jury begins in Canada with adoption of British common law.
  • Fredericton (formerly Saint Anne's) made capital of New Brunswick.
  • Death of Captain John Blake,circa 1783-1785, (husband of Charlotte Blake (nee Taylor).
  • Birth of William Wishart, circa 1786-1787, son of Charlotte Taylor.
1787
  • Marriage of Charlotte Blake (nee Taylor) and Philip Hierlihy on September 11th.
1789
  • The French Revolution begins.
  • Birth of Philip Hierlihy, circa 1787-1789, son of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee Taylor). 
1791
  • The Constutional Act divides Quebec into Lower and Upper Canada.  Assemblies were set up in both parts.  Freehold land tenure established in Upper Canada.
  • Birth of James William Hierlihy, circa 1789-1791, son of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee Taylor).
  • Marriage of Elizabeth Williams (Willisams), daughter of Charlotte Taylor, to Duncan Robertson on September 22nd.
1792
  • Wentworth appointed Governor of Nova Scotia.
  • Louis XVI (husband of Marie Antoinette) put to death on the scaffold at Temple Prison in Paris, France.
  • George Vancouver begins his explorations of the Pacific coast.
1793
  • Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific.
  • Great Britain declares war on Republican France.
  • Louis XIV and Queen Marie Antoinette are beheaded for treason.
  • The Upper Canada Assembly passes an Act enabling public servants to perform marriages.
1794
  • Robert Burns' Auld Lang Syne is published.
1795
  • Death of the Dauphin Louis Charles (Louis XVII) of tuberculosis at Temple Prison, Paris, France.  Son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.  Death and parentage conclusively proven by recent DNA testing on fragments of the Dauphin's mummified heart.
1796
  • Birth of Charlotte Mary Hierlihy, circa 1795-1796, daughter of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee Taylor). 
  • Edward Jenner discovers a smallpox vaccine. 
1799
  • Death of George Washington, first President of the United States, on December 14th of a severe throat inflammation.  The death occurred at Mount Vernon on the outskirts of Washington. The funeral cortege (December 16th) included a riderless white horse, pallbearers, soldiers, and other mourners.  Guns were fired from a schooner anchored in the river.  Christmas decorations were removed from his house as death approached.  Staff and others closed window shutters and draped mirrors with black cloth.  Flags flew at half mast.

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Last Revised: October 09, 2000