Temporary peace between Britain and Napoleonic France.
Henry Shrapnel invents the shell.
Death of Philip Hierlihy, circa 1800-1804 ,husband of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee
- Battle of Trafalgar - Admiral Nelson defeats the French and Spanish
fleets off the southwest coast of Spain.
Wentworth replaced as Governor of Nova Scotia by Sir George Prevost.
Simon Fraser explores the river that now bears his name, and reaches the Pacific.
- Marriage of Eleanor (Helen) Hierlihy, daughter of Charlotte Hierlihy
(nee Taylor), to David Savoy on November 11th.
- United States declares War on Britain in June18.
- Red River Settlement is begun in Canada's Northwest.
- United States General Zebulon Pike departs Fort Niagara after
parliament buildings and looting town of York.
- Battle of Beaver Dams on June 23 - Laura Secord, driving a cow,
passes American sentries and walks thirty-two miles to warn of
impending American attack.
- Highland clearances in Scotland (landless Scottish are removed from
- Jane Austen writes Pride and Prejudice.
- Treaty of Ghent on December 24 ends the War of 1812.
- Battle of Waterloo - Napoleon defeated by Wellington and Blucker
- "The Year Without a Summer" begins on June 5th in North
America after the eruption of volcanoes in the Caribbean and South
Pacific. Around the Great Lakes the temperature drops from 30C to 5C
within hours and 25 cm of snow falls the next day in New England.
- The 49th Parallel is accepted as Canada's border with the United
States (from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains).
- Mary Shelley writes Frankenstein.
- Marriage of James William Hierlihy, son of Charlotte Hierlihy
(nee Taylor), to Louiza Urquhart on January 2nd.
- Death of King George III on January 29th.
- Death of Wentworth on April 8th.
- Sir Walter Scott writes Ivanhoe.
- American Charles Graham is awarded a patent for his design for false
- English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley drowns off the Italian coast at
the age of 29, while sailing his small schooner home to La Spezia,
after visiting the poet Byron at Livorno.
Louis-Joseph Papineau and John Neilson present a petition in London to
oppose the proposed union of Upper and Lower Canada.
- On October 5th the Great Fire of New Brunswick destroyed the towns
of Newcastle and Douglastown.
- Formation of Gloucester County, New Brunswick.
- St. Peter's became Bathurst, New Brunswick (shiretown of Gloucester
- Marriage of Philip Hierlihy, son of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee
Taylor), to Jane Lewis on September 28th.
- Shanawdithit, the last known survivor of the Beothuk Indians, dies
in St. John's, Newfoundland on June 6th.
- Passenger Ship Lady of the Lakes sinks on May 11th, after striking an
iceberg en route to Quebec from England. 215 souls were lost.
- Slavery is abolished in the British Empire.
- Failure of the Second Bank of the United States causes 'the Panic
of 1837'. This liquidity crisis wiped out scores of small
banks, businesses, and farmers. In New York the militia had to be called
to keep order on Wall Street.
- Unsuccessful rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada are led by
Mackenzie and Papineau.
- Louis Braille invents his reading system for the blind.
- Princess Victoria becomes Queen Victoria of England at age 18, on
the death of her uncle, King William IV.
- Founding of Northumberland Agricultural Society - in October the
Ploughing Match was held.
Saint John News - First Penny Newspaper in British Empire. Founded by
George E. Fenetry.
- 5,000 people gather to celebrate Queen Victoria's wedding in Miramichi.
A stadium is built for sports, an ox is roasted whole, and puncheons of
ale made available to celebrants.
- Transatlantic Steamship Line - July 17 - regular schedule commenced
between England and Nova Scotia.
- New Brunswick Census 1840.
- Lieutenant Governor Sir William Colebrook arrives in Fredericton,
New Brunswick in April before departure of predecessor Sir John
- Death of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee Taylor) on April 25th at
Tabusintac, New Brunswick.
- On May 17 large boulders from Cap Diamant tumbled down the
precipitous cliffs above Lower Town in Quebec City. Eight houses
were demolished and thirty-two people were killed.
- The Act of Union unites Upper and Lower Canada.
- Webster-Ashburton Treaty settles boundary between Maine and New
Brunswick (after a protracted dispute).
- Canada's First Museum founded in Saint John, New Brunswick.
- Great Britain enters into a Limited Free Trade Agreement with the
- Achievement of 'responsible government' in Nova Scotia and New
- Gold discoveries in California lead to the first gold rush.
- Achievement of 'responsible government' in Canada.
- The 49th Parallel (international boundary) is extended to the Pacific
- Canada begins its policy of official bilingualism.
- Telegraph cable laid across Northumberland Strait from New
Brunswick to Prince Edward Island.
- New Brunswick Census 1851.
- Britain transfers control of the Colonial postal system to Canada.
- Death of William Wishart, son of Charlotte Taylor,
at Tabusintac, New Brunswick on April 26th.
- Death of Philip Hierlihy, son of Charlotte Hierlihy (nee
Taylor), at Tabusintac, New
Brunswick, on May 27th.
- Death of Robert Blake, son of Charlotte Blake (nee Taylor), on
- Reciprocity Treaty between Canada and the United States is
- Ottawa is named Canada's Capital by Queen Victoria.
- First Neanderthal skeleton found in a cave near Dusseldorf Germany.
- American abolitionist John Brown holds an anti-slavery convention at
- The Province of Canada mints first coins - pennies, nickels, dimes,
- Cornerstone of Parliamant Buildings in Ottawa is laid.
- Hundreds of thousands of Irish and British citizens flee their
homelands following the potato famine.
- New Brunswick Census 1861.
- The Grand Trunk Railway connects the Province of Canada to the Halifax, Nova
- The American Civil War begins.
- The Charlottetown Conference held from September 1-9. First
steps are taken toward Confederation.
- The Quebec Conference, held from October 10-27, sets out the basis for
union of Canadian provinces.
- Abrogation of Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 by the United States.
- The London Conference on December 4 passes resolutions which are
re-drafted to become the British North America Act.
- New Brunswick joins Confederation (as one of four original Provinces
- Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick). The Dominion
of Canada is created on July 1.
- Sir John A. Macdonald is elected as Canada's first Prime Minister.
- Mount Allison University becomes the first in Canada to confer a
on a woman.
- Joseph Lister performs first surgical operation under antiseptic
conditions, on his sister Isabella, at Glasgow's Royal Infirmary in
- Louis Riel leads a Metis up-rising against Canadian authority in the
- The Manitoba Act creates the Province of Manitoba.
- New Brunswick Census 1871.
New Brunswick Common Schools Act.
British Columbia joins Confederation.
Anna Swan, of Nova Scotia. at 7-foot-5, marries Martin Buren, of
Kentucky, at 7-foot-2, making them the world's tallest married couple.
- Prince Edward Island joins Confederation.
- Completion of Inter-Colonial Railway linking central Canada and the
Maritimes, on July 1.
Alexander Graham Bell's first telephone message transmitted.
The Indian Act of 1876 defines special status for Canadian aboriginal people.